A Detailed Chronology
of Greek History
Time Line of Greek History and Literature
History of Greece
Greek History for Kids
The early history of Greece is not very detailed. Because of this it is often called the Dark Age of Ancient Greece. The first people to inhabit Greece built settlements along the shores of Greece. They relied on the Aegean Sea for trade and supplies. Travel by sea introduced the Greeks to other cultures, and they were exposed to western benefits of agriculture and various techniques of metalwork. (Archibald, p. 13)
Different communities began to develop in Greece: the Aegeans, Achaeans, the and Pelasgians. Crete became the center of the Aegean civilization, also called the Minoans, and their culture dominated the region about 2500 BC. The Achaeans built their capital at Mycenae. A volcanic eruption in 1400 BC caused the destruction of the Minoan Thera, an island east of Crete. The destruction crushed the Minoan functionality and their culture was absorbed by the Mycenaean Greeks (New World, p G254).
Around 1200 BC, a conflict arose at the city of Troy, where a ten year battle took place. Armed invaders hid themselves inside a large wooden horse. As the horse was brought into the city, the soldiers attacked and seized control. This was the subject of an epic poem by Homer. Homer is also well known for his epic poem of the hero Odysseus. These works of literature are now popular school studies.
Greek settlements transformed themselves into city-states, or poleis. Regions ruled by a council and a king. Their political structure was unstable because the kings often acted like tyrants to the citizens. The Aristocratic people, mostly landowners, served on the council. Many citizens were not fairly represented in this system. This caused tension, and in many cases political uprisings. (Archibald, p. 19) It is ironic that the Greek culture is given so much credit for ideas of democracy, because times of democracy seldom existed in Ancient Greece; only for short whiles in-between unstable governments.
The Olympic Games, a great athletic contest, began in 776 BC. The Olympics marked a rise of the Greek culture, and the beginning of the Archaic Period of Greece. During this time period, foreign culture held a great influence over Greek ideas. Artwork began to focus on human figures and of mythology. The culture soared even higher into the Classical Period, approximately 500 BC. This was the highest point of Greek creativity especially in the areas of philosophy, art, and literature.
The Persian Wars began in 490 BC, with a Persian invasion in Greece led by Darius the Great of Thrace. The Greek forces were superior and crushed the invasion at Marathon, under Miltiades. In 480 BC, the Persians launched a second attack led by Xerxes and sacked and ruined Athens. The Greeks later won a decisive military victory at Salamis, they defeated the Persian naval fleet.
More Wars followed, and in 461 BC, the first of the Peloponnesian Wars began between the Athenians and Spartans. Athens had a completely democratic government, and the Spartan aristocratic government saw that as a potential threat. Athens was victorious and they signed a peace treaty with Persia and made a truce with Sparta (New Standard, p. G254b-B255). Athens lost the second Peloponnesian War, and its empire was crushed. The Thirty Tyrants, a group of aristocratic Spartans, took control of Athens. In 399 BC, Socrates, the philosopher, was tried and executed for his objection to the Thirty Tyrants.
In 386 BC, Pluto, a famous pupil of Socrates, founded his philosophical Academy. In 359, Philip II becomes the king of Macedon. Thebes, Athens, and Sparta were three major competing powers. Philip II eventually took control of the entire Greek penninsula. In 336 BC, King Philip II was assassinated, and his son Alexander took control of the kingdom. Alexander the Great (see Greek maps) took Egypt and conquered the entire Persian empire. Upon his death at Babylon in 323 BC, his empire was divided into three main regions: Ptolemic Egypt, Antigonid Macedonia, and Seleucid Syria.
The time period after Alexander the Great's death became known as the Hellenistic Age. Throughout this time, the seperate kingdoms constantly feuded with one another, crippling each other and foreshadowing the Greek downfall. In 197 BC,
King Philip V lost to Roman forces at Kynoskephalai. The Roman military campaign overtook the Greek warriors, and Rome tried to incorporate Greek culture within its own.
Thank you ThinkQuest Oracle
Why Am I proud to be Greek.
• Because we are European Champions in Soccer
• Because we are European Champions in Basketball
• Because Paparizou (singer) made us Eurovision Champions
• Because we buy whole watermelons and not in slices
• Because we buy whole lambs and not in pieces
• Because when we buy feta we buy at least a kilo and not 150 gr.
• Because nights in Greece finish in the morning
• Because we take our coffee slowly and not in 'shots"
• Because flirting is our national hobby
• Because we are world champions in s*x
• Because we always moan about the public sector and everyone seeks to get a job in it
• Because we go out almost every night even if we are penniless
• Beacuse we respect our Grandmothers more than our wives
• Because we know how to spend better than we know how to save
• Because although we look like we are of Middle Eastern Descent we are not
• Because we never visit others empty-handed
• Because there is no way to explain to foreigners what "kapsoura"
is... (burning desire for someone)
• Because we do not share the cost of petrol with those we take in our
• Because we always make it, albeit in the last moment
• Because for the sake of a woman we would wage war for 10 years
• Because we are everywhere around the planet
• Because we love and hate with passion
• Because the word "filotimo" (a synonym of honor, helping someone
because it is the right thing to do) doesn't exist in any other
• Because whenever foreigners cannot find a word, they bloody steal
one of ours
• Because we spend our bad and low times with our friends and family,
not with therapists and counsellors
• Because Socrates, Pluto, and Aristotle were Hellenic and we still quote
• Because we invented theatre
• Because we gave birth to Democracy
• Because we discovered logic
• Because we jumpstarted science
• Because we are proud of our culture, not of our wars
• Because Jesus Christ's best friends where Greek's
• Because when others were discovering meat, we already had
• Because when we were building the Parthenon, the others were still
sleeping under trees
• Because when others created wars, we created Games to stop wars
• Because we have a distinction between Eros (falling in love) & Agapi
(innocent love), while we feel both passionately
• Because we don't use ketchup or mayonnaise with our food - it tastes
damn good anyway!
• Because we tossed our ancient alphabet to the Romans and our
Medieval alphabet to the Slavs
• Because we get angry quickly but forget all about it even quicker
• Because we are not ashamed to cry
• Because we dance when we are sad and party when we are happy
• Because we work to live and we do not live to work
• Because 97% of the stars' names are Hellenic
• Because we always talk about getting in a diet after we had our meal
• Because a woman with a big arse is just as s *xy as the woman with the
• Because although we know danger well, we dare
• Because when you shout "brother" in the streets, everyone turns
• Because "Greeks do not fight like heroes, heroes fight like Greeks"
(Winston Churchill, 1941)
• Because we speak loudly and laugh even louder!!!
WHAT MORE IS THERE TO SAY........MALISTA!!!